Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, or FERC, is the agency that regulates the interstate transmission of natural gas, oil, and electricity. It also licenses, inspects and oversees environmental matters for hydroelectric projects and major electricity policy initiatives.
FERC implements laws passed by Congress, which give the Commission its legal authority to do business under Title 18 – Conservation of Power and Water Resources, Parts 1 to 399 – of the Federal Code of Regulations (CFR).
FERC’s oversight role of natural gas
FERC’s natural gas responsibilities include regulation of:
- Pipeline, storage and liquefied natural gas facility construction;
- Interstate transportation of natural gas; and
- Facility abandonment.
- Oversees the construction and operation of pipeline facilities at United States points of entry for the import or export of natural gas;
- Issues certificates of public convenience and necessity to prospective companies providing energy services or constructing and operating interstate pipelines and storage facilities;
- Establishes rates for services.
Environmental protection procedures
With respect to natural gas projects, FERC safeguards the environment by:
- Disclosing, analyzing and minimizing impacts where it is feasible and reasonable to do so;
- Encouraging applicants to communicate with relevant federal and state natural resources agencies, Native American nations and state water quality agencies prior to submitting an application;
- Ensuring that all applicants perform the necessary studies to make an informed decision on the project;
- Issuing environmental assessments impact statement for comment on most projects;
- Requiring steps to reduce environmental impacts with any certificate issued;
- Visiting proposed project areas to determine the range of environmental issues requiring analysis and holding scoping meetings as appropriate.
For more information:
Before a pipeline company obtains authorization to construct or expand an existing interstate transmission pipeline, the company must first file a detailed project plan with the FERC. This plan is formally called an application for a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity (Certificate Application). The Certificate Application is a comprehensive document that describes the proposed project, its need and potential environmental impacts.
When a pipeline company like Williams is ready to begin preparing its Certificate Application, it typically initiates what is known as the FERC pre-filing process. Williams began the pre-filing process for the Hillabee project in November 2013. The pre-filing process is designed to encourage involvement by citizens, government entities and other interested parties during the design stage of a proposed project. The project was assigned pre-filing docket number PF14-6.
As part of this process, the project sponsor will host a series of public workshops in the areas potentially affected by the proposal. Representatives from FERC normally participate in these meetings as well. FERC may also hold its own public scoping meetings in the project area.
FERC 7(c) Filing
Williams filed its Certificate Application for the Hillabee project on Nov. 18, 2014. The project was assigned pre-filing docket number CP15-16. The project was approved by the FERC on Feb. 2, 2016. All documents and correspondence submitted to or issued by FERC regarding the project can be accessed by referencing the project docket number on FERC’s website.
Among other things, the Certificate Application contained a description of the new facilities, need for the project, detailed maps, schedules, and various environmental reports. This information detailed the various studies and analyses that have been conducted to determine what effect construction and operation could potentially have on the environment and community.
The environmental reports included an analysis of alternatives, as well as an analysis of potential impacts to water resources, vegetation and wildlife, cultural resources, socioeconomics, soils, geology and land use.
FERC prepared an environmental evaluation using information included in the Certificate Application, supplemental information that was provided by the company upon request, information assembled by FERC staff, as well as information provided by state and federal agencies and the public. The evaluation described the proposed project and alternatives, as well as identified existing environmental conditions and potential impacts from the project.
The evaluation also indicated what mitigation measures, construction procedures, and routing must be included in the project to eliminate or reduce impacts.
Comments to FERC
When providing comments to the FERC, you should reference the docket number assigned when the certificate application is filed.
Comments may be filed via the Internet on the FERC’s website – www.ferc.gov. To do so, click on the Quick Comment link. The FERC website also contains additional information about getting involved in the regulatory process under the Citizens tab.
You may send written comments to the FERC at:
Kimberly D. Bose, Secretary
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
888 First St., N.E., Room 1A
Washington, DC 20426